Biographical Essay – Catholic Encyclopedia (1911)

Newman, John Henry (1801-1890), Cardinal-Deacon of St. George in Velabro, divine, philosopher, man of letters, leader of the Tractarian Movement, and the most illustrious of English converts to the Church, b. in the City of London, 21 Feb., 1801, the eldest of six children, three boys and three girls; d. at Edgbaston, Birmingham, 11 Aug., 1890. Over his descent there has been some discussion as regards the paternal side. His father was John Newman, a banker, his mother Jemima Fourdrinier, of a Huguenot family settled in London as engravers and paper-makers … His French pedigree is undoubted. It accounts for the religious training, a modified Calvinism, which he received at his mother’s knees; and perhaps it helped towards the “lucid concision” of his phrase when dealing with abstruse subjects. His brother Francis William, also a writer, but wanting in literary charm, turned from the English Church to Deism; Charles Robert, the second son, was very erratic, and professed Atheism. One sister, Mary, died young; Jemima has a place in the cardinal’s biography during the crisis of his Anglican career; and to Anne Mozley [ sister-in-law of his sister—Mozley, vol. ii. p. 438] we are indebted for his “Letters and Correspondence” down to 1845, which contains a sequel from his own hand to the “Apologia”.

Newman Reader — Works of John Henry Newman
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